Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

A Detailed Failure Analysis Examination of the Effect of Thermal Cycling on Cu TSV Reliability

Published

Author(s)

Chukwudi A. Okoro, June W. Lau, Yaw S. Obeng, Klaus Hummler

Abstract

In this work, a detailed failure analysis of the physical root cause for the increase in electrical resistance and radio-frequency (RF) transmission coefficient of through-silicon via (TSV) daisy chain was investigated. Six different failure modes were found, all of which involved the formation and propagation of voids at different interfaces, except for the formation of voids in the microstructure of the TSV and in the top metal-line. Additionally, mixed failure mode was observed at the top region of the TSV, in which voids propagating along the TSV- top metal line interface were found to interact with the voids propagating along the TSV-TaN sidewall interface. These failure modes were found to be caused or aggravated by thermal cycling and were identified as the root cause for the observed changes in the electrical and the RF characteristics of the TSVs.
Citation
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Volume
61
Issue
1

Citation

Okoro, C. , Lau, J. , Obeng, Y. and Hummler, K. (2014), A Detailed Failure Analysis Examination of the Effect of Thermal Cycling on Cu TSV Reliability, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=913115 (Accessed June 2, 2023)
Created January 1, 2014, Updated February 19, 2017