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The Design and Application of a Unified Ontology for Cyber Security



Ashrafi Akbar, Fariha Rahman, Anoop Singhal, Latifur Khan, Bhavani Thuriasingham


Ontology enables semantic interoperability, making it highly valuable for cyber threat hunting. Community-driven frameworks like MITRE ATT&CK, D3FEND, ENGAGE, CWE and CVE have been developed to combat cyber threats. However, manually navigating these independent data sources is time-consuming and impractical in highstakes situations. By adopting an ontology-based approach, these cybersecurity resources can be unified, enabling a holistic view of the threat landscape. Additionally, leveraging semantic query languages empowers analysts to make the most of existing data sources. This paper explores how through the application of a semantic query language (SPARQL) on a unified cybersecurity ontology, analysts can effectively exploit the information contained within these resources to strengthen their defense strategies against cyber threats.
Proceedings Title
ICISS 2023: Information Systems Security
Conference Dates
December 16-20, 2023
Conference Location
Raipur, IN
Conference Title
19th International Conference on Information and Systems Security ICISS 2023


Ontology, OWL, SPARQL, cybersecurity


Akbar, A. , Rahman, F. , Singhal, A. , Khan, L. and Thuriasingham, B. (2023), The Design and Application of a Unified Ontology for Cyber Security, ICISS 2023: Information Systems Security, Raipur, IN, [online],, (Accessed June 20, 2024)


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Created December 9, 2023, Updated January 4, 2024