Combining Electrically Detected Magnetic Resonance Techniques to Study Atomic-Scale Defects Generated by Hot-Carrier Stressing in HfO2/SiO2/Si Transistors
Stephen Moxim, James P Ashton, Mark Anders, Jason Ryan
This work explores the atomic-scale nature of defects within hafnium dioxide/silicon dioxide/silicon (HfO2/SiO2/Si) transistors generated by hot-carrier stressing. The defects are studied via electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) through both spin-dependent charge pumping (SDCP) and spin-dependent tunneling (SDT). When combined, these techniques probe defects both at the Si-side interface, and within the oxide-based gate stack. The defects at the Si-side interface are found to strongly resemble Pb-like defects common in the Si/SiO2 system. The defect within the gate stack has not been positively identified in the literature thus far; this work argues that it is a Si-dangling bond coupled to one or more hafnium atoms. The use of electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) techniques indicates that the defects detected here are relevant to electronic transport, and thus device reliability. This work also highlights the impressive analytical power of combined EDMR techniques when studying complex, modern materials systems.
, Ashton, J.
, Anders, M.
and Ryan, J.
Combining Electrically Detected Magnetic Resonance Techniques to Study Atomic-Scale Defects Generated by Hot-Carrier Stressing in HfO2/SiO2/Si Transistors, Journal of Applied Physics, [online], https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0145937, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=936117
(Accessed December 1, 2023)