Recently, ρ-wave cold collisions were shown to dominate the density-dependent shift of the clock transition frequency in a 171Yb optical lattice clock. Here we demonstrate that by operating such a system at the proper excitation fraction, the cold collision shift is canceled below the 5 × 10-18 fractional frequency level. We report inelastic two-body loss rates for 3P0-3P0 and 1S0 -3P scattering. We also measure interaction shifts in an unpolarized atomic sample. Collision measurements for this spin-1/2 171Yb system are relevant for high performance optical clocks as well as strongly-interacting systems for quantum information and quantum simulation applications.
Citation: Physical Review A
Pub Type: Journals
cold collision, collision shift, inelastic scatter, optical lattice clock, p-wave collision, two-body loss, ytterbium