The Ceramic Coatings Metrology Workshop was held at NIST to identify the measurement needs of the various industries that manufacture and use ceramic coatings. The industrial perspectives were complemented by reviews of the scientific issues that require understanding to enable the development of valid measurement and characterization methods as well as the perspective of the standards community that would implement research results as standard measurement methods. Properties of importance to specific applications were identified. The importance of the integrity of coating systems, generally described as adhesion, was found to be a common theme. The development of measurement methods for those properties and characteristics that determine system integrity and the ability to predict limits of that integrity by the development of failure mechanism maps based on understanding of the fundamentals of behavior were recognized as a framework for future metrological developments.