Building Open Access to Research (OAR) data infrastructure at NIST
Gretchen R. Greene
As a National Metrology Institute (NMI), the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) scientists, engineers and technology experts conduct research across a full spectrum of physical science domains. This is performed as a public service within Department of Commerce in its mission to securely enhance industry and commerce through advancements in science that promote the quality of life. NIST research measurements result in production and distribution of standard reference materials and datasets. These are generated from a wide range of complex laboratory instrumentation, expert analysis, and calibration processes. In response to a government open data policy, and in collaboration with the broader research community, NIST has developed a federated Open Access to Research (OAR) scientific data infrastructure aligned with FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) data principles. Through the OAR initiatives, NISTs Material Measurement Laboratory Office of Data and Informatics (ODI) recently released a new scientific data discovery portal and public data repository. These science-oriented applications provide dissemination and public access for data from across the broad spectrum of NIST research disciplines, including chemistry, biology, materials science (such as crystallography, nanomaterials, etc.), physics, disaster resilience, cyberinfrastructure, communications, forensics, and others. NIST's public data consist of carefully curated Standard Reference Data, legacy high valued data, and new research data publications. The repository is thus evolving both in content and features as the nature of research progresses. Implementation of the OAR infrastructure is key to NIST's role in sharing high integrity reproducible research for measurement science in a rapidly changing world.
CODATA Data Science Journal
Data Repository, FAIR, research metadata, metrology, data portal, government