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Baseline Control Systems in the Intelligent Building Agents Laboratory



Amanda Pertzborn, Daniel Veronica


The goal of the Embedded Intelligence in Buildings program at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is to develop and deploy advances in measurement science that will improve building operations to achieve lower operating costs, increased energy efficiency, and improved occupant comfort, safety and security through the use of intelligent building systems. This program closely aligns with the overall NIST mission to promote U.S. innovation and competitiveness by anticipating and meeting the measurement science, standards, and technology needs of U.S. industry, and in this case, the U.S. building design, construction, and renovation industry. A principal asset to this program is the Intelligent Building Agents Laboratory (IBAL). The IBAL provides the physical and computational infrastructure necessary to develop and test advanced agent–based optimization techniques to improve the energy and comfort performance of large buildings by focusing on control of HVAC equipment. The goal of this document is to orient researchers to the baseline control systems in the IBAL and the general field of HVAC controls.
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 2178
Report Number


building controls, HVAC, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning, intelligent agents, local control, PID, supervisory control.


Pertzborn, A. and Veronica, D. (2021), Baseline Control Systems in the Intelligent Building Agents Laboratory, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed May 27, 2024)


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Created September 22, 2021, Updated November 29, 2022