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ASME B89.4.23 Performance Evaluation Tests and Geometry Errors in X-Ray Computed Tomography Systems

Published

Author(s)

Bala Muralikrishnan, Meghan Shilling, Vincent Lee

Abstract

A documentary standard produced by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) for performance evaluation of industrial X-ray computed tomography (XCT) systems for dimensional measurements was released in early 2021. This standard, ASME B89.4.23-2020, specifies test procedures that may be performed to determine whether a system meets the manufacturer's accuracy specifications for acceptance before or after purchase, or for periodic reverification. While there are some core testing requirements in the standard, there is also some flexibility, allowing for a variety of testing configurations that meet the requirements of the standard. It is important that the chosen testing configuration be sensitive to the different systematic sources of error in XCT systems to provide confidence that the system will meet the manufacturer's accuracy specifications for measurements performed by the user subsequent to testing. In this paper, we provide guidance on how to optimally apply the ASME 89.4.23 standard in industry to achieve high sensitivity to geometry errors in cone-beam XCT systems. Through simulation studies, we present some examples of testing configurations that meet the requirements of the ASME B89.4.23 standard and discuss their sensitivity to geometry errors of the detector and the rotation stage. We show that there are some testing configurations that achieve maximal sensitivity to these errors, while other configurations do not capture these error sources with adequate sensitivity.
Citation
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -
Volume
126

Keywords

ASME B89.4.23, cone-beam X-ray computed tomography, geometry errors, performance evaluation.

Citation

Muralikrishnan, B. , Shilling, M. and Lee, V. (2022), ASME B89.4.23 Performance Evaluation Tests and Geometry Errors in X-Ray Computed Tomography Systems, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.126.042, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=933177 (Accessed November 26, 2022)
Created January 20, 2022, Updated January 21, 2022