AQUEOUS SIZE-EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY OF POLYELECTROLYTES ON REVERSED-PHASE AND HYDROPHILIC INTERACTION CHROMATOGRAPHY COLUMNS
Anna Caltabiano, Joe Foley, Andre Striegel
Size-exclusion separation of a water-soluble polyelectrolyte polymer, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (NaPSS), was demonstrated on common reversed-phase (C18, C4, phenyl, and cyano) and hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) columns. The effect of common solvents - acetonitrile (ACN), tetrahydrofuran (THF), and methanol (MeOH), used as mobile phase modifiers - on the elution of NaPSS and the effect of column temperature (within a relatively narrow range corresponding to typical chromatographic conditions, i.e., 10 ºC to 60 ºC) on the partition coefficient, KSEC, were also investigated. Non-size-exclusion chromatography (non- SEC) effects can be minimized by the addition of an electrolyte and an organic modifier to the mobile phase, and by increasing the column temperature (e.g., to 50 oC or 60 ºC). Strong solvents such as THF and ACN are more successful in the reduction of such effects than is the weaker solvent MeOH. The best performance is seen on medium polarity and polar stationary phases, such as cyano and diol-modified silica (HILIC), where the elution of the NaPSS polyelectrolyte is by a near-ideal SEC mechanism. Hydrophobic stationary phases, such as C18, C4, and phenyl, require a higher concentration of a strong solvent modifier (THF) in the mobile phase to reduce non-SEC interactions of the solute with the stationary phase.
, Foley, J.
and Striegel, A.
AQUEOUS SIZE-EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY OF POLYELECTROLYTES ON REVERSED-PHASE AND HYDROPHILIC INTERACTION CHROMATOGRAPHY COLUMNS, Journal of Chromatography A, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2017.12.007, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=923845
(Accessed November 30, 2023)