Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Application of Models to the Assessment of Fire Hazard From Consumer Products.



Richard W. Bukowski


The differences among models of fire, fire hazard, and fire risk are described. The use of field, zone, and network models for fire hazard assessment is discussed. A number of available single and multiple compartment models are described. Key considerations with respect to the use of the current models by the Consumer Product Safety Commission for hazard assessment from upholstered furniture and mattress fires is presented. Modifications necessary to improve the capability of these models for hazard assessment are identified. Model validaton, output presentation, and data sources are discussed. Recommendations on specific models for the sponsor to consider for further study and use are provided.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) -


computer models, fire models, hazard assessment, mattresses, toxicity, upholstered furniture


Bukowski, R. (1985), Application of Models to the Assessment of Fire Hazard From Consumer Products., NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed July 14, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created August 1, 1985, Updated February 19, 2017