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An Analysis of Existing Ontological Systems for Applications in Manufacturing and Healthcare



Craig I. Schlenoff, Robert W. Ivester, Donald E. Libes, Peter O. Denno, Simon Szykman


The objective of the work described in this paper is to move closer to the ultimate goal of seamless system integration using the principle behind ontological engineering to unambiguously define domain-specific concepts. Current integration efforts are usually based solely on how information is represented (the syntax or terminology) without a description of what the information means (the semantics). This paper documents the results of the first phase of this project, that of analyzing existing ontological systems to determine which is most appropriate for the manufacturing and healthcare domains. In particular, this phase involved the exploration of efforts that are studying both the uses of ontologies in the general sense and those that are using ontologies for domain specific purposes.

NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6301
Report Number


healthcare integration, manufacturing systems integration, ontological engineering, ontology


Schlenoff, C. , Ivester, R. , Libes, D. , Denno, P. and Szykman, S. (1999), An Analysis of Existing Ontological Systems for Applications in Manufacturing and Healthcare, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed June 21, 2024)


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Created December 31, 1998, Updated October 12, 2021