Realization of photometric quantities
The candela, SI base unit of luminous intensity, is realized with a detector-based method, dependent on the absolute responsivity of detectors. It is maintained on a group of eight standard photometers, which are calibrated annually and traceable to Division's reference cryogenic radiometer (POWR). The lumen, the unit of total luminous flux, is realized from the candela using the Absolute Integrating Sphere Method implemented in the NIST 2.5-m integrating sphere.
Center for High Accuracy Retroreflection Measurements (CHARM)
As retroreflective traffic control devices are widely used for nighttime visibility and safety, Congress has directed the United States Department of Transportation to establish "a standard for a minimum level of retroreflectivity that must be maintained for pavement markings and signs which apply to all roads open to public travel." Developing a national standard for minimum levels of retroreflectivity will require accurate methods to measure retroreflectivity. In response to this need, NIST established the Center for High Accuracy Retroreflective Measurements (CHARM). Its objective is to develop a dedicated reference instrument for measuring retroreflective materials and a calibration program that provides traceability to the relevant national scales maintained by NIST.
For more information about the reference instrument, see Center for High Accuracy Retroreflection Measurements.
The photometry program includes calibration services which provide access to the photometric scales realized and maintained at NIST. These services include lamp standards of luminous intensity, luminous flux, and color temperature; calibration services for retroreflective materials; and reference photometers and materials.
A detailed list of services is available through NIST Calibration Services at Photometric measurements.
Please contact Yuqin Zong to discuss the details of the services and obtain a quote for the requested calibration.
Photometry short course
This course covers fundamentals in photometry, radiometry, and colorimetry as well as practical aspects of measurements of luminous flux, luminous intensity, illuminance, luminance, color temperature, and chromaticity of light sources. It is offered every two years.
For more information, see NIST Photometry short course.