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Carbon Capture and Carbon Sequestration


NIST develops benchmark materials, measurements, data, and models to accelerate innovation in and validate performance of materials and technologies for the capture of carbon from air and sequestration in building materials. Our work contributes to the development of consensus standards and contributes to the commercialization of new carbon mitigation technologies, which will be necessary in order for the world to meet the goal of limiting global temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius. 

New Research Consortium

Low Carbon Cements and Concretes

A new consortium will bring together stakeholders to identify and address measurement and standards needs related to low carbon cements and concretes for reducing the overall greenhouse gas emissions from cement and concrete products. The consortium will develop measurement solutions and standards to improve measurement confidence, establish measurement traceability, and enable comparability in the measurements to quantify carbon and carbonate in low carbon cements and concretes. Participants will be required to sign a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA).

Learn more from the Federal Register Notice

Our work is informed by stakeholders from industry, academia, and other federal agencies. The community has confirmed the need for validation of:

  • New materials and technologies
  • Scalable solutions
  • Global carbon accounting

We are accelerating achievement of these critical outcomes:

  1. Carbon mineralization
  2. Measurement of carbon dioxide in cements and concretes
  3. Sorbents and membranes for carbon capture



  • Structural and morphological - X-ray, electron, neutron techniques
  • CO2 uptake and binding interactions 
    • Adsorption isotherms and breakthrough measurements
    • Spectroscopies, nanocalorimetry, thermogravimetry, etc.

Synthesis – Supported amines; MOFs, Guanadine-based solids

Chemical Informatics

  • Open database for literature isotherms
  • Dynamic properties of confined systems
    • Theory and simulations
  • AI/ML for materials discovery


  • Uncertainty evaluation and minimization
  • Intercomparison studies
  • Reference methods, materials and data
Created June 13, 2022