Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Takuma Nakamura (IntlAssoc)


Coherent Optical Clock Down-Conversion for Microwave Frequencies with 10-18 Instability

Takuma Nakamura, Josue Davila-Rodriguez, Holly Leopardi, Jeffrey Sherman, Tara Fortier, Xiaojun Xie, Joe C. Campbell, Will McGrew, Xiaogang Zhang, Youssef Hassan, Daniele Nicolodi, Kyle Beloy, Andrew Ludlow, Scott Diddams, Franklyn Quinlan
Optical atomic clocks are poised to redefine the SI second, thanks to stability and accuracy more than one hundred times better than the current microwave
Created June 19, 2019, Updated February 3, 2023