Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Susan Schima (Fed)

Susan Schima is a Fabrication Engineer in the Atomic Devices and Instrumentation Group at NIST, where she has pioneered fabrication techniques to adapt standard cleanroom processing to large-thickness wafers. These large-thickness wafers are used to create the vessels that contain atomic vapors and are the foundation of most of the miniature atomic devices created in her Group, such as high-precision clocks, magnetometers and gyroscopes. In addition to cleanroom work, Susan is committed to maintaining the health of NIST by upholding safety practices and encouraging the influx of early-career new hires. She received her BS from the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in 1991 and her MS from the University of Arizona in 1994.


Next-Generation Chip-Scale Atomic Clocks

John Kitching, Matthew Hummon, William McGehee, Ying-Ju Wang, Susan Schima
We describe work toward the development of next-generation chip-scale atomic clocks, which combine small size, low power consumption and manufacturability with

Atomic flux circuits

Douglas Bopp, Ellyse Taylor, Khoa Le, Susan Schima, Matthew Hummon, John Kitching
Atomic vapors are a crucial platform for precision metrology but in their simplest implementation, a thermal vapor, the intrinsic optical resonances are

Chip-scale atomic diffractive optical elements

Liron Stern, Douglas G. Bopp, Susan A. Schima, Vincent N. Maurice, John E. Kitching
Atomic systems have long provided a useful material platform with unique quantum properties. The efficient light-matter interaction in atomic vapors has led to
Created July 30, 2019, Updated April 7, 2023