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Miral Dizdaroglu (Fed)

NIST Fellow

Doctor of Natural Sciences (Dr. rer. Nat.)
Doctor Honoris Causa (Nicolaus Copernicus University, Collegium Medicum, Bydgoszcz, Poland)
Doctor Honoris Causa (Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey)

DNA Damage and Repair

Oxidative stress is produced in cells by oxygen-derived species resulting from cellular metabolism and from interaction with cells of exogenous sources such as carcinogenic compounds, redox-cycling drugs and ionizing radiations. DNA damage caused by oxygen-derived species including free radicals is the most frequent type encountered by aerobic cells. When this type of damage occurs to DNA, it is called oxidative DNA damage and it can produce a multiplicity of modifications in DNA including base and sugar lesions, strand breaks, DNA-protein cross-links and base-free sites. Accurate measurement of these modifications is essential for understanding of mechanisms of oxidative DNA damage and its biological effects. Numerous DNA lesions have been identified in cells and tissues at steady-state levels and upon exposure to free radical-generating systems. Data accumulated over many years clearly show that oxidative DNA damage plays an important role in a number of disease processes. Thus, oxidative DNA damage is implicated in carcinogenesis and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. There is also strong evidence for the role of this type of DNA damage in the aging process. The accumulation of oxidative DNA damage in non-dividing cells is thought to contribute to age-associated diseases. DNA damage is countered in cells by DNA repair, which is a basic and universal process to protect the genetic integrity of organisms. The genomes of organisms encode DNA repair enzymes that continuously monitor chromosomes to correct DNA damage. Multiple processes such as base- and nucleotide-excision pathways exist to repair the wide range of DNA damages. If left unrepaired, oxidative DNA damage can lead to detrimental biological consequences in organisms, including cell death, mutations and transformation of cells to malignant cells. Therefore, DNA repair is regarded as one of the essential events in all life forms. There is an increasing awareness of the importance of oxidative DNA damage and its repair to human health. Thus, it becomes exceedingly important to understand, at the fundamental level, the mechanisms of oxidative DNA damage, and its processing by DNA repair enzymes as well as how unrepaired DNA lesions may lead to cytotoxicity, mutagenesis and eventually to diseases and aging. More detailed knowledge of mechanisms of DNA damage and repair might allow us to modulate DNA repair. This could lead to drug developments and clinical applications including the improvement of cancer therapy by inhibiting DNA repair in drug- or radiation-resistant tumors and/or the increase in the resistance of normal cells to DNA damage by overexpressing DNA repair genes.

Journal Editorships

  • Member of the Editorial Board of Cancer Biomarkers
  • Member of the Editorial Board of Turkish journal of Biochemistry
  • Past Member of the Editorial Board of Free Radical Biology & Medicine
  • Past Member of the Editorial Board of Free Radical Research
  • Past Member of the Editorial Board of Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
  • Guest Editor of Free Radical Biology & Medicine for Serial Review entitled “Oxidative DNA Damage and Repair.”
  • Guest Editor of Mutagenesis Special Issue entitled “Implications of DNA Damage and DNA Repair on Human Diseases.”

Conferences Organized

  • Organizer and Director of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "DNA Damage and Repair; Oxygen Radical Effects, Cellular Protection and Biological Consequences," held on October 13-24, 1997 in Antalya, Turkey
  • Organizer and Chairperson of the "IXth International Workshop on Radiation Damage to DNA" held on May 13-17, 2006 in Antalya, Turkey.

80 (according to Web of Science)
93 (according to Google Scholar)

Number of citations
23514 (according to Web of Science)
34833 (according to Google Scholar)

Detailed list of Dr. Dizdaroglu's Publications
Detailed list of Dr. Dizdaroglu's Invited Presentations


  • Hillebrand Prize of the Washington DC Section of the American Chemical Society, 1989
  • Science Award of the Scientific and Technological Research Council of the Republic of Turkey, 1993
  • Silver Medal Award of the United States Department of Commerce, 1993
  • Turkish-American of the Year for Excellence in Science Award of the Assembly of the Turkish-American Associations in the USA, 1993
  • Doctor Honoris Causa (Honorary Doctorate) from Nicolaus Copernicus University, Collegium Medicum, Bydgoszcz, Poland, 2000
  • Outstanding Achievement in Science Award of the Assembly of the Turkish-American Associations in the USA, 2001
  • Gold Medal Award of the United States Department of Commerce, 2005
  • Fellow of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST Fellow), 2006
  • Member of the Turkish Academy of Sciences, 2008
  • Doctor Honoris Causa (Honorary Doctorate) from Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey, 2009
  • Samuel Wesley Stratton Award of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2010


Selected Publications


Possible Genetic Risks from Heat-Damaged DNA in Food

Yong Woong Jun, Melis Kant, Erdem Coskun, Pawel Jaruga, Miral M. Dizdar, Eric T. Kool
Consumption of foods prepared at high temperatures has been associated with numerous health risks. To date, the chief identified source of risk has been small

Production, purification and characterization of 15N5-labeled cis- and trans-aflatoxin B1-formamidopyrimidines, and aflatoxin B1-N7-guanine as internal standards for mass spectrometric measurements

Pawel Jaruga, Melis Kant, Miral M. Dizdar, Rachana Tomar, Vladimir Vartanian, Benjamin Sexton, Carmelo Rizzo, Robert Turesky, Michael Stone, R. Stephen Lloyd
Exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) through contaminated food is a primary contributor to the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinogenesis worldwide. Hepatitis B
Created October 9, 2019, Updated August 7, 2023