Cell volume and concentration regulation in the presence of changing extracellular environments has been studied for centuries, and recently a general nondimensional model was introduced that encompassed solute and solvent transmembrane flux for a wide variety of solutes and flux mechanisms. Moreover, in many biological applications it is of considerable interest to understand optimal controls for both volume and solute concentrations. Here we examine a natural extension of this general model to an arbitrary number of solutes or solute pathways, show that this system is globally asymptotically stable and controllable, define necessary conditions for time-optimal controls in the arbitrary-solute case, and using a theorem of Boltayanski prove sufficient conditions for these controls in the commonly encountered two-solute case.
Citation: Journal of Mathematical Biology
Pub Type: Journals
Cellular mass transport , optimization , stability , cryobiology , sufficiency theorem