NIST Cloud Computing Program
Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model promotes availability and is composed of five essential characteristics (On-demand self-service, Broad network access, Resource pooling, Rapid elasticity, Measured Service); three service models (Cloud Software as a Service (SaaS), Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS), Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)); and, four deployment models (Private cloud, Community cloud, Public cloud, Hybrid cloud). Key enabling technologies include: (1) fast wide-area networks, (2) powerful, inexpensive server computers, and (3) high-performance virtualization for commodity hardware.
The Cloud Computing model offers the promise of massive cost savings combined with increased IT agility. It is considered critical that government and industry begin adoption of this technology in response to difficult economic constraints. However, cloud computing technology challenges many traditional approaches to datacenter and enterprise application design and management. Cloud computing is currently being used; however, security, interoperability, and portability are cited as major barriers to broader adoption.
The long term goal is to provide thought leadership and guidance around the cloud computing paradigm to catalyze its use within industry and government. NIST aims to shorten the adoption cycle, which will enable near-term cost savings and increased ability to quickly create and deploy enterprise applications. NIST aims to foster cloud computing systems and practices that support interoperability, portability, and security requirements that are appropriate and achievable for important usage scenarios.
NIST Cloud Computing Program (NCCP) Draft Documents:
Request for Public Comments (due April 29, 2016) - We request comments from the public on this draft document (NIST SP 500-317):
Requirement 7 of the NIST Cloud Computing Standards and Technology Roadmap (NIST SP 500-293) is: "Define unique government regulatory requirements and solutions."
This document addresses this requirement with respect to accessibility and its place in the USG. It also describes the factors associated with accessibility and how cloud computing can play a role in providing solutions to current accessibility challenges and provide a pathway to creating new solutions for CIO's and IT managers for their workforce. This document provides an analysis of popular cloud services (email, calendaring) and their accessibility requirements. The document also provides a draft taxonomy for cloud computing accessibility that can be used when discussing these concepts.
Send all comments (click here for comment template) to Robert Bohn, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, MS Stop 8920, Gaithersburg, MD 20899. Electronic comments may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. All comments must be received by midnight Friday April 29, 2016.
Other NIST Cloud-related Draft Documents
The NIST effort on cloud computing exists throughout ITL in many divisions. The NCCP exists in the Advanced Networking and Technologies Division. In an effort to communicate the findings of the other divisions in ITL to the wider cloud computing community, we will occasionally post notices about their draft documents for comments in the section below.