The National Windstorm Impact Reduction Act
With the enactment of the National Windstorm Impact Reduction Act Reauthorization of 2015, on September 30, 2015, NIST has been designated as the Lead Agency for the National Windstorm Impact Reduction Program (NWIRP). Other designated Program agencies are the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the National Science Foundation (NSF). The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has also participated in NWIRP from its inception with PL 108-360 in 2004. Other federal agencies are invited to participate in NWIRP activities; among those already involved are the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), the Department of Energy (DoE), and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) . Summaries of past NWIRP activities are available in the Program’s biennial reports to Congress.
NWIRP was established by Congress “…to achieve major measurable reductions in the losses of life and property from windstorms through a coordinated Federal effort, in cooperation with other levels of government, academia, and the private sector, aimed at improving the understanding of windstorms and their impacts and developing and encouraging the implementation of cost-effective mitigation measures to reduce those impacts.”
As the lead agency of NWIRP, NIST has the primary responsibility for planning and coordinating the Program. This responsibility includes: