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Footwear & Tire Subcommittee

Members of the OSAC Footwear & Tire Subcommittee
Members of the Footwear & Tire Subcommittee at the July 2019 OSAC Meeting in Orlando, Florida.

Officers | Members | StandardsDiscipline-Specific Baseline Documents | Research & Development Needs | Presentations

The Footwear and Tire Subcommittee focuses on standards and guidelines related to the detection, documentation, recovery, examination and comparison of footwear and tire evidence.

Forensic footwear and/or tire examiners undertake the following tasks: documenting, collecting and preserving footwear and tire evidence, and comparing and analyzing footwear or tire impressions.  Examiners provide expert opinions regarding source conclusions, determine the manufacturer, make, or model of the source of a questioned impression, compare questioned impressions, make, or model of an item of footwear or tire from an image or video, and write reports and provide testimony.


David Kanaris, Subcommittee Chair, Alaska Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory

Rodney Schenck, Subcommittee Vice Chair, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Vacant, Subcommittee Executive Secretary


Clay Allred, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Kacey Amorello, Louisiana State Police Crime Laboratory

Sarah E. Bohne, Colorado Springs Police Department

Thomas Busey, Indiana University, Bloomington (Human Factors Representative)

John Grassel, Rhode Island State Police

Christopher Hamburg, ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (Quality Infrastructure Representative)

Martin Herman, Ph.D., National Institute of Standards and Technology

Brian Juengst, Maine State Police 

Anthony Koertner, Defense Forensic Science Center

Mathew J. Marvin, Ron Smith and Associates, Inc.

Troy Mohror, Johnson County Sheriff's Office Criminalistics Laboratory

Heidi Prough, Michigan State Police


Lisa Ragaza, State of Connecticut

Matt Redle, Sheridan County Prosecuting Attorney's Office (Legal Resource Representative)

Nicole Richetelli, West Virginia University

Aimee C. Stevens, Illinois State Police Division of Forensic Services

Natasha Wheatley, ADA County Sheriff's Office

Alicia Wilcox, Ph.D., Thomas University

Affiliates and Task Group Participants


Tier 1: On the OSAC Registry

  • None currently.

Tier 2: Published by a SDO

Tier 3: Sent to a SDO

  • Best Practice Recommendation for Documentation and Photography Documentation of Footwear and Tire Evidence.
  • Scope of work for a Footwear and Tire Examiner Technical Report.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for the Detection of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for Casting of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Standard for Examination and Documentation of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.

Tier 4: Under Development

  • Best Practice Recommendation for Examination and Documentation of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for the Chemical Processing of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for Articulation, Interpretation, and Conclusions in Footwear and Tire Report Writing and Testimony.

Discipline-Specific Baseline Documents

The Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) has provided the opportunity for OSAC Subcommittees to identify baseline documents and reference materials that best reflect the current state of the practice within their respective disciplines. 

These documents contain practical information regarding these disciplines that can help forensic scientists, judges, lawyers, researchers, other interested parties and the general public, to better understand the nature, scope, and foundations of the individual disciplines as they are currently practiced.

It is important to note that the identification of these documents in this venue does not represent an endorsement by OSAC or NIST.  Only documents that are posted on the OSAC Registries constitute OSAC endorsement. All copyrights for these documents are reserved by their owners. Subcommittee position statements or responses to data collections by the subcommittee represent the consensus opinion of the subcommittee, not necessarily the position of the entire OSAC organization or NIST.

Reference Books:

  • Abbott, John, “Footwear Evidence”, Charles C. Thomas Publishing, 1964.
  • Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (1st Edition), Elsevier Science Publishing Co., 1990.
  • Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (2nd edition) CRC Press, 2000.
  • Bodziak, William, “Tire Impression and Tire Track Evidence: Recovery and Examination”, CRC Press, February 2008.
  • Bodziak, William, “Forensic Footwear Evidence”  CRC Press, 2017
  • Cassidy, Michael, “Footwear Identification”, Canadian Government Publishing, 1980.
  • Deforest, Peter; Gaensslen, Robert; Lee, Henry, “Forensic Science - An Introduction to Criminalistics”, McGraw-Hill, 1983.
  • Fisher, Barry, “Techniques in Crime Scene Investigation” (6th edition), CRC Press, 2002.
  • Given, Bruce W; Nehrich; Richard B. and Shields, James C., “Tire Tracks and Tread Marks”, Gulf Publishing Company, Book Division, Houston, Texas, 1977.
  • Hilderbrand, Dwane, “Footwear, The Missed Evidence”, Staggs Publishing Co., 1999.
  • Kiely, Terrence, “Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law”, CRC Press, 2001.
  • McDonald, Peter, “Tire Imprint Evidence”, CRC Press, Raton, Florida, 1989.
  • Nause, Lawren, “Forensic Tire Impression Identification”, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

Research & Development Needs


In general, the development of standards and guidelines is transitioning from the Scientific Working Groups (SWGs) to the OSAC. Some SWGs will continue to operate to provide other resources within their discipline. The existing SWG documents will remain in effect until updated documents are disseminated by the OSAC or the SWG. SWGDAM will retain the responsibility for updating the FBI DNA Quality Assurance Standards.

– Forensic Science Standards Board: March 2015

Created July 9, 2014, Updated September 1, 2020