Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Footwear & Tire Subcommittee

Members of the OSAC Footwear & Tire Subcommittee
Members of the OSAC Footwear & Tire Subcommittee (July 2019)

The Footwear and Tire Subcommittee focuses on standards and guidelines related to the detection, documentation, recovery, examination and comparison of footwear and tire evidence.

Forensic footwear and/or tire examiners undertake the following tasks: documenting, collecting and preserving footwear and tire evidence, and comparing and analyzing footwear or tire impressions.  Examiners provide expert opinions regarding source conclusions, determine the manufacturer, make, or model of the source of a questioned impression, compare questioned impressions, make, or model of an item of footwear or tire from an image or video, and write reports and provide testimony.

Officers | Members | OSAC Registry Approved DocumentsDocuments in ProcessResearch & Development Needs | Discipline-Specific Baseline Documents | Presentations

Officers

David Kanaris, Subcommittee Chair, Alaska Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory

Rodney Schenck, Subcommittee Vice Chair, U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation

Vacant, Subcommittee Executive Secretary

Members 

Clay Allred, Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives

Kacey Amorello, Louisiana State Police Crime Laboratory

Sarah E. Bohne, Colorado Springs Police Department

John Grassel, Rhode Island State Police

Christopher Hamburg, ANSI National Accreditation Board

Martin Herman, Ph.D., U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology

Brian Juengst, Maine State Police 

Anthony Koertner, Defense Forensic Science Center

Mathew J. Marvin, Ron Smith and Associates, Inc.

Troy Mohror, Johnson County Sheriff's Office Criminalistics Laboratory

Heidi Prough, Michigan State Police

Lisa Ragaza, State of Connecticut

Matt Redle, Sheridan County Prosecuting Attorney's Office

Nicole Richetelli, West Virginia University

Rodney Schenck, U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation

Aimee C. Stevens, Illinois State Police Division of Forensic Services

Natasha Wheatley, ADA County Sheriff's Office

Alicia Wilcox, Ph.D., Thomas College

Affiliates and Task Group Participants

OSAC Registry Approved Documents

  • None currently.

Documents in Process

Under Development: 

  • Best Practice Recommendation for the Chemical Processing of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Best Practice Recommendation for Examination and Documentation of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • Articulation, Interpretation, and Conclusions in Footwear and Tire Report Writing and Testimony.

Work Product Sent to SDO: 

  • ASB 049, Best Practice Recommendation for the Lifting of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • ASB 050, Best Practice Recommendation for Documentation and Photography Documentation of Footwear and Tire Evidence.
  • ASB 051, Scope of work for a Footwear and Tire Examiner Technical Report.
  • ASB 052, Best Practice Recommendation for the Detection of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • ASB 095, Standard for Minimum Qualifications and Training for a Footwear/Tire Forensic Science Service Provider.
  • ASB 099, Standard for Footwear/Tire Examination Proficiency Testing Program.
  • ASB 126, Best Practice Recommendation for Casting of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.
  • ASB 137, Standard for Examination and Documentation of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence.

SDO Published:

Entered OSAC Registry Approval Process:

  • None currently.

Research & Development Needs

  • See the Research & Development Needs identified by the Footwear and Tire subcommittee.

Discipline-Specific Baseline Documents

The Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) has provided the opportunity for OSAC Subcommittees to identify baseline documents and reference materials that best reflect the current state of the practice within their respective disciplines. 

These documents contain practical information regarding these disciplines that can help forensic scientists, judges, lawyers, researchers, other interested parties and the general public, to better understand the nature, scope, and foundations of the individual disciplines as they are currently practiced.

It is important to note that the identification of these documents in this venue does not represent an endorsement by OSAC or NIST.  Only documents that are posted on the OSAC Registries constitute OSAC endorsement. All copyrights for these documents are reserved by their owners. Subcommittee position statements or responses to data collections by the subcommittee represent the consensus opinion of the subcommittee, not necessarily the position of the entire OSAC organization or NIST.

OSAC Footwear & Tire Subcommittee's Response to the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology's (PCAST) Request for Information – Submitted December 2015

SWGTREAD 01 Guide for the Collection of Footwear and Tire Impressions in the Field 200503

SWGTREAD 02 Guide for the Collection of Footwear and Tire Impressions in the Laboratory 200503

SWGTREAD 03 Guide for the Detection of Footwear and Tire Impressions in the Field 200503

SWGTREAD 04 Guide for the Detection of Footwear and Tire Impressions in the Laboratory 200503

SWGTREAD 05 Guide for the Preparation of Test Impressions From Footwear and Tires 200503

SWGTREAD 06 Scope of Work Relating to Forensic Footwear and/or Tire Tread Examiners 200503

SWGTREAD 07 Guide for Minimum Qualifications and Training for a Forensic Footwear and/or Tire Tread Examiner 200603

SWGTREAD 08 Guide for the Examination of Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence 200603

SWGTREAD 09 Guide for the Forensic Documentation and Photography of Footwear and Tire Impressions at the Crime Scene 200603

SWGTREAD 10 Range of Conclusions Standard for Footwear and Tire Impression Examinations 201303

SWGTREAD 11 Guide for Casting Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence 200703

SWGTREAD 12 Guide for Lifting Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence 200703

SWGTREAD 13 Guide for Casework Documentation 200803

SWGTREAD 14 Guide for the Chemical Enhancement of Bloody Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence 200809

SWGTREAD 15 Standard for Terminology Used for Forensic Footwear and Tire Impression Evidence 201303

Tread Forensics

Foundational Studies Related to Footwear Impression Evidence

Reference Books:

Abbott, John, “Footwear Evidence”, Charles C. Thomas Publishing, 1964.

Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (1st Edition), Elsevier Science Publishing Co., 1990.

Bodziak, William, “Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination” (2nd edition) CRC Press, 2000.

Bodziak, William, “Tire Impression and Tire Track Evidence: Recovery and Examination”, CRC Press, February 2008.

Bodziak, William, “Forensic Footwear Evidence”  CRC Press, 2017

Cassidy, Michael, “Footwear Identification”, Canadian Government Publishing, 1980.

Deforest, Peter; Gaensslen, Robert; Lee, Henry, “Forensic Science - An Introduction to Criminalistics”, McGraw-Hill, 1983.

Fisher, Barry, “Techniques in Crime Scene Investigation” (6th edition), CRC Press, 2002.

Given, Bruce W; Nehrich; Richard B. and Shields, James C., “Tire Tracks and Tread Marks”, Gulf Publishing Company, Book Division, Houston, Texas, 1977.

Hilderbrand, Dwane, “Footwear, The Missed Evidence”, Staggs Publishing Co., 1999.

Kiely, Terrence, “Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law”, CRC Press, 2001.

McDonald, Peter, “Tire Imprint Evidence”, CRC Press, Raton, Florida, 1989.

Nause, Lawren, “Forensic Tire Impression Identification”, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 2001.

Presentations


In general, the development of standards and guidelines is transitioning from the Scientific Working Groups (SWGs) to the OSAC. Some SWGs will continue to operate to provide other resources within their discipline. The existing SWG documents will remain in effect until updated documents are disseminated by the OSAC or the SWG. SWGDAM will retain the responsibility for updating the FBI DNA Quality Assurance Standards.

– Forensic Science Standards Board: March 2015

Created July 9, 2014, Updated December 10, 2019