Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Vulnerability and Robustness of Civil Infrastructure Systems to Hurricanes



Shuoqi Wang, Dorothy Reed


Civil infrastructure systems play an important role in community resilience. Without proper functioning of the infrastructure, especially power delivery, society will not recover quickly from disruptive events, such as hurricanes. In this paper, the vulnerability, response, and recovery of selected infrastructure at the system level for several hurricanes in the USA are modeled using geostatistical methods, employing post-event data. Inoperability is the main variable modeled for each infrastructure system. In this paper, robustness is a property considered to be the opposite of vulnerability, and it plays an important role in the resiliency modeling. The infrastructure systems examined in this paper are electric power delivery and telecommunications. Connections among the systems are briefly explored.
Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR) -


hurricane, infrastructure, resilience, community resilience


Wang, S. and Reed, D. (2017), Vulnerability and Robustness of Civil Infrastructure Systems to Hurricanes, Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 14, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created October 10, 2017, Updated March 25, 2019