Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Visualizing Model-based Product Definitions in Augmented Reality



Teodor Vernica, Robert R. Lipman, William Z. Bernstein


Augmented reality (AR) technologies present immense potential for the design and manufacturing communities. However, coordinating traditional engineering data representations into AR systems without loss of context and information remains a challenge. A major barrier is the lack of interoperability between manufacturing-specific data models and AR-capable data representations. In response, we present a pipeline for porting standards-based product manufacturing information (PMI) with three-dimensional (3D) model data into an AR scene. We demonstrate our pipeline by interacting with annotated parts while continuously tracking their pose and orientation. Our work provides insight on how to address fundamental issues related to interoperability between domain-specific models and AR systems
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the ASME IDETC/CIE 2021
Conference Dates
August 17-20, 2021
Conference Location
Virtual, MD, US
Conference Title


Vernica, T. , Lipman, R. and Bernstein, W. (2021), Visualizing Model-based Product Definitions in Augmented Reality, Proceedings of the ASME IDETC/CIE 2021, Virtual, MD, US, [online], (Accessed May 29, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created August 23, 2021, Updated November 29, 2022