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Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity Equations for Nitrogen, Oxygen, Argon, and Air



Eric W. Lemmon, R. T. Jacobsen


New formulations for the viscosity and thermal conductivity for nitrogen, oxygen, argon and air are given. Air is treated as a pseudo-pure fluid similar to that done for the equation of state of air. The equations are valid over all liquid and vapor states, and a simplified cross-over equation was used to model the behavior of the critical enhancement for thermal conductivity. The extrapolation behavior of the equations for nitrogen and argon well below their triple points were monitored so that both could be used as reference equations for extended corresponding states applications. The uncertainties of calculated values from the equations are generally within 2% for nitrogen and argon and within 5% for oxyen and air, except in the critical region where the uncertainties are higher. Comparisons with the available experimental data are given.
International Journal of Thermophysics
No. 1


air, argon, nitrogen, oxygen, thermal conductivity, viscosity


Lemmon, E. and Jacobsen, R. (2004), Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity Equations for Nitrogen, Oxygen, Argon, and Air, International Journal of Thermophysics (Accessed May 29, 2024)


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Created January 1, 2004, Updated June 2, 2021