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Validation of Spectral Radiance Assignments to Integrating Sphere Radiance Standards for the Advanced Baseline Imager



Bettye C. Johnson, Stephen E. Maxwell, Eric L. Shirley, Kim Slack, Gary Graham


The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) is the next generation imaging sensor for NOAA’s operational meteorological satellites in geostationary orbit. One pathway for traceability of the visible and near infrared radiometric response for ABI is to a 1.65 m diameter integrating sphere source standard of spectral radiance. This source illuminates the full entrance pupil via the ABI Earth-view port, thus determining the absolute spectral radiance responsivity in the visible and shortwave infrared. The spectral radiance values of the large sphere are assigned by Exelis using a double monochromator and a 15.24 cm diameter integrating sphere source standard that is calibrated by NIST. As part of the ABI program, Exelis was required by NASA to have the spectral radiance values assigned by Exelis to the large sphere be validated by NIST. Here we report the results of that activity, which took place in April, 2013. During the week of April 8, Exelis calibrated the 1.65 m diameter sphere at all 24 levels that correspond to the ABI calibration protocol. During the week of April 15, the NIST validation exercise for five selected levels took place. NIST deployed a portable spectral radiance source, a filter radiometer restricted to the visible and near-infrared, and two spectroradiometers that covered from 350 nm to 2500 nm. The NIST sphere source served as the validation standard. The comparison results, which are reported at the ABI bands, agreed to within the combined uncertainties. We describe the methodology, results, and uncertainty estimates related to this effort.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of SPIE
Conference Dates
August 17-21, 2014
Conference Location
San Diego, CA
Conference Title
Earth Observing Systems XIX (Conference 8510)


Calibration, integrating sphere sources, spectral radiance scales, uncertainty estimates, validation


Johnson, B. , Maxwell, S. , Shirley, E. , Slack, K. and Graham, G. (2014), Validation of Spectral Radiance Assignments to Integrating Sphere Radiance Standards for the Advanced Baseline Imager, Proceedings of SPIE, San Diego, CA, [online], (Accessed July 22, 2024)


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Created September 22, 2014, Updated February 19, 2017