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Validation of A CFD Fire Model Using Two Step Combustion Chemistry Using the NIST Reduced-Scale Ventilation-Limited Compartment Data

Published

Author(s)

Jason E. Floyd, Kevin B. McGrattan

Abstract

Recent testing by the Building and Fire Research Laboratory of the National Institute of Standards and Technology collected a large dataset of species, temperature, velocities, and heat fluxes for a wide range of fuels burning at varying degrees of ventilation inside a reduced scale enclosure. This dataset is extremely well documented with uncertainties well characterized, making it an excellent choice for fire model validation. Selected data from a subset of tests was used as part of a validation exercise using FDS v5. FDS v5 contains a new method of decomposing the mixture fraction coupled with a new combustion model that allows it to predict (rather than assume) CO formation in under-ventilated fires. Eleven tests were simulated and predicted vs. measured data comparisons were made for seven physical quantities distributed over twelve measurement locations. Results show the new combustion model is able to reproduce test conditions over a range of fuels and fire sizes.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science
Conference Dates
September 21-26, 2008
Conference Location
Karlsruhe, 1, DE

Keywords

computational fluid dynamics, validation, compartment fires, modeling

Citation

Floyd, J. and McGrattan, K. (2008), Validation of A CFD Fire Model Using Two Step Combustion Chemistry Using the NIST Reduced-Scale Ventilation-Limited Compartment Data, Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Karlsruhe, 1, DE (Accessed June 21, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created September 25, 2008, Updated October 12, 2021