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UV LEDs Based on p-i-n Core-Shell AlGaN/GaN Nanowire Heterostructures Grown by N-polar Selective Area Epitaxy



Matthew Brubaker, Kristen Genter, Alexana Roshko, Paul T. Blanchard, Bryan T. Spann, Todd E. Harvey, Kris A. Bertness


Ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV LEDs) fabricated from N-polar AlGaN/GaN core-shell nanowires with p-i-n structure produced electroluminescence at 365 nm with 5x higher intensities than similar GaN homojunction LEDs. The improved characteristics were attributed to localization of spontaneous recombination to the nanowire core, reduction of carrier overflow losses through the nanowire shell, and elimination of current shunting. Poisson-drift-diffusion modeling indicated that a shell Al mole fraction of x=0.1 in AlxGa1-xN effectively confines electrons and injected holes to the GaN core region. AlGaN overcoat layers targeting this approximate Al mole fraction were found to possess a low-Al-content tip and high-Al-content shell, as determined by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Photoluminescence spectroscopy further revealed the actual Al mole fraction to be nanowire diameter dependent, where the tip and shell compositions converged towards the nominal flux ratio for large- diameter nanowires.


GaN, Nanowires, LEDs, Core-shell, Selective Area Epitaxy


Brubaker, M. , Genter, K. , Roshko, A. , Blanchard, P. , Spann, B. , Harvey, T. and Bertness, K. (2019), UV LEDs Based on p-i-n Core-Shell AlGaN/GaN Nanowire Heterostructures Grown by N-polar Selective Area Epitaxy, Nanotechnology, [online],, (Accessed May 30, 2024)


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Created March 20, 2019, Updated May 10, 2023