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Use Case Scenarios for Digital Twin Implementation Based on ISO 23247



Guodong Shao


As a key part of digital transformation, digital twin is an important concept for achieving smart manufacturing. However, there remains a lot of confusion about the digital twin concept and how it can be implemented in real manufacturing systems, especially among small-to-medium-sized enterprises. Relevant standards that provide common terminology and implementation guidelines can help address these challenges. This paper discusses the digital twin concept, definitions, applications, and recent standardization efforts. In particular, ISO 23247 (Digital Twin Framework for Manufacturing) series is introduced in detail. Three digital-twin-in-manufacturing use case scenarios are explored to exemplify the implementation of ISO 23247. The designs for these use case scenarios can be implemented at the NIST Test Bed or on any manufacturing shop floor. In addition, other digital twins in manufacturing applications that implement the standard framework can follow the same procedure.
Advanced Manufacturing Series (NIST AMS) - 400-2
Report Number


Digital Twin, Framework, Standards, Smart Manufacturing, Use Cases


Shao, G. (2021), Use Case Scenarios for Digital Twin Implementation Based on ISO 23247, Advanced Manufacturing Series (NIST AMS), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed July 21, 2024)


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Created May 4, 2021, Updated November 29, 2022