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Upper bound of feed rates in thermoplastic material extrusion based additive manufacturing



Cheng Luo, Xiang Wang, Kalman D. Migler, Jonathan Seppala


In this work, we develop a simple model to determine the upper bound of feed rates that do not cause jamming in materials extrusion based additive manufacturing, also known as fused deposition modeling (FDM)™ or fused-filament fabrication (FFF). We first derive a relation between the tube temperature and Péclet number for the solid portion of polymer filaments. We focus on the boundary between the solid and molten polymer in the heated portion of the tube. We find the Pécclet number that corresponds to the point at which this boundary makes contact with the nozzle and identify this as the upper bound of the feed rate. We compare our predictions to experimental results. We find good agreement for tube temperatures sufficiently above the glass- transition temperature, which is the temperature region of typical additive manufacturing.
Additive Manufacturing


Fused deposition modeling, FDM, material extrusion, modeling


Luo, C. , Wang, X. , Migler, K. and Seppala, J. (2020), Upper bound of feed rates in thermoplastic material extrusion based additive manufacturing, Additive Manufacturing, [online], (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created March 1, 2020, Updated October 12, 2021