Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Uniaxial Crushing of Sandwich Plates Under Air Blast: Influence of Mass Distribution



Joseph A. Main, George A. Gazonas


Motivated by recent efforts to mitigate blast loading using energy-absorbing materials, this paper investigates the uniaxial crushing of cellular sandwich plates under air blast loading using analytical and computational modeling. This model is also applicable to the crushing of cellular media in blast pendulum experiments. In the analytical model, the cellular core is represented using a rigid, perfectly-plastic, locking idealization, as in previous studies, and the front and back faces are modeled as rigid, with pressure loading applied to the front face and the back face unrestrained. Predictions of this analytical model show excellent agreement with explicit finite element computations, and the model is used to investigate the influence of the mass distribution between the core and the faces on the response of the system. Increasing the mass fraction in the front face is found to increase the impulse required for complete crushing of the cellular core but also to produce undesirable increases in back-face accelerations. Optimal mass distributions are investigated by maximizing the impulse capacity while limiting the back-face accelerations to a specified level.
International Journal of Solids and Structures


Main, J. and Gazonas, G. (2007), Uniaxial Crushing of Sandwich Plates Under Air Blast: Influence of Mass Distribution, International Journal of Solids and Structures, [online], (Accessed June 16, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 8, 2007, Updated November 10, 2018