Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Uncertainty Quantification of Stresses in a Cracked Pipe Elbow Weldment Using a Logistic Function Fit, a Nonlinear Least Squares Algorithm, and a Super-Parametric Method

Published

Author(s)

Jeffrey T. Fong, James J. Filliben, Nathanael A. Heckert, Pedro V. Marcal, Robert Rainsberger, Li Ma

Abstract

In a 3-part series of papers, of which this paper is Part II, we investigate the applicability of the fully quadratic hexa-27 element (see Part I) to four problems of interest to the pressure vessels and piping community: (1) The solid-element-based analysis of a welded pipe elbow with a longitudinal surface crack in one of its welds. (2) The solid-element-based analysis of the elastic bending of a simple cantilever beam, of which the exact solution is known. (3) The tetra-04 element-based analysis of the deformation of a wrench. (4) The shell-element-based analysis of a barrel vault. In this paper, we develop a two-step method first to estimate the uncertainty of a converging series of finite-element-mesh-density-parametric solutions using a 4-parameter logistic function, and then to extrapolate the results of a specific quantity (e.g., a stress component) to an extremely fine mesh density approaching the infinite degrees of freedom. The estimated parameter of the upper bound of the logistic function serves as the “best” estimate of the chosen quantity such as a specific stress component. Using a super-parametric approach, as described in Part III of this series, we show that the hexa-27 element is superior to tetra-04, hexa-08, and hexa-20.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Pressure Vessel Technology, Shanghai, China, Sep. 23-26, 2015
Volume
130
Conference Dates
September 23-26, 2015
Conference Location
Shanghai

Keywords

ABAQUS, cantilever beam stress analysis, COMSOL, element type, finite element method, logistic function, mathematical modeling, mesh density, MPACT, nonlinear least square fit method, parametric method, pipe elbow stress analysis, pressure vessel and piping, super-parametric method, surface crack in piping, TrueGrid, uncertainty quantification, wrench stress analysis.

Citation

Fong, J. , Filliben, J. , Heckert, N. , Marcal, P. , Rainsberger, R. and Ma, L. (2015), Uncertainty Quantification of Stresses in a Cracked Pipe Elbow Weldment Using a Logistic Function Fit, a Nonlinear Least Squares Algorithm, and a Super-Parametric Method, Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Pressure Vessel Technology, Shanghai, China, Sep. 23-26, 2015, Shanghai, -1, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=919593 (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created December 30, 2015, Updated May 18, 2020