A-UGV Capabilities - Recommended Guide to Autonomy Levels

Published: February 27, 2019


Roger V. Bostelman, Elena R. Messina


A-UGV has been defined by ASTM Committee F45 as an "Automatic, Automated, or Autonomous vehicle that operates while in contact with the ground without a human operator." However, what do the levels actually mean to manufacturers, users, or especially potential users? This paper defines, and in many cases provides examples of, recommended autonomy levels for all three automatic, automated, and autonomous unmanned ground vehicles.
Proceedings Title: 3rd IEEE International Conference on Robotic Computing
Conference Dates: February 25-27, 2019
Conference Location: Naples, -1
Pub Type: Conferences

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A-UGV, autonomous, capability, ASTM F45, classifiers
Created February 27, 2019, Updated April 09, 2019