Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

The Twelfth Text Retrieval Conference, TREC 2003



Ellen M. Voorhees, Lori P. Buckland
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 500-255
Report Number


Voorhees, E. and Buckland, L. (2004), The Twelfth Text Retrieval Conference, TREC 2003, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (Accessed June 25, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created May 1, 2004, Updated October 16, 2008