Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Turbidity, Light Scattering, and Coexistence Curve Data for the Ionic Binary Mixture Triethyl N-Hexyl Ammonium Triethyl N-Hexyl Borate in Diphenyl Ether

Published

Author(s)

S. Wiegand, M E. Briggs, M Kleemeier, W Schroer, Johanna Levelt Sengers

Abstract

We report turbidity, light scattering, and coexistence curve data for a solution of triethyl n-hexyl ammonium triethyl n-hexyl borate in diphenyl ether. We recently reported that the present sample shows much higher turbidity than that of K. S. Zhang, M. E. Briggs, R. W. Gammon and J. M. H. Levelt Sengers [J. Chem. Phys. 109, 4533 (1998)] for an earlier sample. An analysis of the data shows that nonclassical critical behavior is favored in the reduced temperature range from 10-5 to 10-2. At fixed reduced temperature, the correlation length is about twice as large as that of the previous sample. The correlation length amplitude calculated from the fit is 1.4 nm+0.1 nm. A detailed data analysis points out the limitations of turbidity measurements far away from the critical point. The intensity of scattered light was measured at 90 . Multiple scattering is relevant in the wider vicinity of the critical point and was corrected for by a Monte Carlo simulation method. Anb Ising-type exponent for the correlation length was obtained: Ņ=0.641+0.003, and the amplitude of the correlation length ξo=1.34 nm+0.01 nm agrees with that of the turbidity experiment. Mean-field behavior can be ruled out. The refractive indices of coexisting phases were measured in the reduced temperature range from t=10-4 to 0.04. These measurements disagree with results reported by R. R. Singh and K. S. Pitzer [J. Chem. Phys. 92, 6775 (1990)]. The present data lead to an exponent Β=0.34+0.01, close to the Ising value. The coexistence curve is much narrower than that of Singh and Pitzer. Crossover could not be detected in any of the experiments. Two-scale-factor universality could be confirmed for this and another ionic system within the experimental uncertainty.
Citation
Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume
109
Issue
No. 20

Keywords

correlation length, coulombic mixture, critical exponents, Ising behavior, light scattering, refractive index

Citation

Wiegand, S. , Briggs, M. , Kleemeier, M. , Schroer, W. and Levelt, J. (1998), Turbidity, Light Scattering, and Coexistence Curve Data for the Ionic Binary Mixture Triethyl N-Hexyl Ammonium Triethyl N-Hexyl Borate in Diphenyl Ether, Journal of Chemical Physics (Accessed July 19, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created November 1, 1998, Updated February 17, 2017