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Nathan D. Marsh, Thomas G. Cleary


As part of an effort to develop standard test methods for the performance of commercial hydrogen sensors, we employed the Fire Emulator / Detector Evaluator, an instrumented flow system designed to study the response of fire detectors (smoke, heat, gas), in a preliminary study to evaluate the performance of a representative selection of commercially-available hydrogen sensors.  These sensors depend on a variety of sensing technologies including metal-oxide semiconductors, electrochemical cells, catalytic bead pellistors, thermal conductivity sensors, and sensors employing a combination of technologies.  They were evaluated both for their response to hydrogen concentrations up to half the lower flammability limit, and their response to nuisance gases (CO, CO2, NOx, hydrocarbon gas and vapor all potentially present in hydrogen dispensing and storage areas), as well as dynamic changes in environmental conditions by varying temperature,  humidity, and flow velocity.  These performance evaluations provide guidance for the development of a test method designed to assess real-world performance of hydrogen gas sensors.  The ultimate goal is to develop standard test methods to be employed by product certification agencies.
Proceedings Title
NHA Annual Hydrogen Conference 2008
Conference Dates
March 30-April 4, 2008
Conference Location
Sacramento, CA


Hydrogen, sensors, test methods


Marsh, N. and Cleary, T. (2008), TOWARDS A TEST METHOD FOR HYDROGEN SENSOR PERFORMANCE, NHA Annual Hydrogen Conference 2008, Sacramento, CA, [online], (Accessed June 23, 2024)


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Created April 2, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017