Towards Sub-1016 Trans-Continental GPS Carrier-Phase Frequency Transfer: a Simulation
C Hackman, Judah Levine
A simulation study is performed using GIPSY software in order to determine the impact of site-based and satellite-based systematic errors on the accuracy of between site GPS carrier phase frequency comparisons. The data are analyzed using both the precise point positioning (ppp) and network methods: in the former, the time differences between the satellite clocks and system time are fixed to pre-determined values. In the latter, the time differences of both the satellite clocks and system are estimated relative to some reference clock (usually a ground-based receiver clock). We also analyze data both with and without the added constraint of double-difference ambiguity fixing. We find that between site frequency comparisons are unaffected by site based and satellite baed systematic errors when 100% of the double-difference ambiguities are fixed. We also find that in the ppp method, although fixing ambiguities removes between-site frequency errors, it can cause errors in the values of the individual receiver clocks relative to system time. Finally, we find that when a network solution is performed and ambiguities are not fixed, an error made at site A may adversely affect frequency comparisons betweens sites B and C.
IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium
June 5-7, 2006
Proceedings of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium
carrier phase frequency transfer, carrier phase time frequency transfer, frequency comparisons, frequency transfer, GPS, GPS carrier phase time transfer, GPSCPFT, GPSCPTT, time transfer
and Levine, J.
Towards Sub-10<sup>16</sup> Trans-Continental GPS Carrier-Phase Frequency Transfer: a Simulation, IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, Miami, FL
(Accessed May 28, 2023)