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Toward 3D printed hydrogen storage materials made with ABS-MOF composites



Megan C. Kreider, Zeeshan Ahmed, Makfir Sefa, James A. Fedchak, Julia Scherschligt, Michael Bible, Nikolai Klimov, Bharath Natarajan, Hartings Mathew


The push to advance efficient, renewable, and clean energy sources has brought with it an effort to generate materials that are capable of storing hydrogen. Metal-organic framework materials (MOFs) have been the focus of many such studies as they are categorized for their large internal surface areas. We have addressed one of the major shortcomings of MOFs (their processibility) by creating and 3D printing a composite of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and MOF-5, a prototypical MOF, which is often used to benchmark H2 uptake capacity of other MOFs. The ABS-MOF-5 composites can be printed at MOF-5 compositions of 10% and below. Other physical and mechanical properties of the polymer (glass transition temperature, stress and strain at the breaking point, and Young's modulus) either remain unchanged or show some degree of hardening due to the interaction between the polymer and the MOF. We do observe some MOF-5 degradation through the blending process, likely due to the ambient humidity through the purification and solvent casting steps. Even with this degradation, the MOF still retains some of its ability to uptake H2, seen in the ability of the composite to uptake more H2 than the pure polymer. The experiments and results described here represent a significant first step toward 3D printing MOF-5-based materials for H2 storage
Polymers for Advanced Technologies


composite plastic, hydrogen storage, sensor, additive manufacturing, 3d printing


Kreider, M. , Ahmed, Z. , Sefa, M. , Fedchak, J. , Scherschligt, J. , Bible, M. , Klimov, N. , Natarajan, B. and Mathew, H. (2017), Toward 3D printed hydrogen storage materials made with ABS-MOF composites, Polymers for Advanced Technologies, [online],, (Accessed June 24, 2024)


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Created September 25, 2017, Updated October 12, 2021