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Time-domain stabilization of carrier-envelope phase in femtosecond light pulses



Young-Jin Kim, Ian R. Coddington, William C. Swann, Nathan R. Newbury, Joohyung Lee, Seungchul Kim, Seung-Woo Kim


We report a time-domain method of stabilizing the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of femtosecond pulses. Temporal variations of the pulse envelope and the carrier electric-field phase were separately detected with the aid of intensity cross-correlation and interferometric cross-correlation. These detected signals were used to stabilize the CEP; the resulting 50-fold improvement in the fractional stability of the carrier-envelop-offset frequency was evaluated as 1.2 × 10−11 at 0.1 second averaging periods and 1.7 × 10−9 at 80 seconds, corresponding to a carrier envelope phase noise of 75 microradians and 10 milliradians, respectively. This method can be realized with a low pulse energy of 10 pJ and does not require subsequent power amplification or spectral broadening. The high efficiency and short-term stability of this method can facilitate the use of femtosecond lasers in the field of industrial surface measurements, telecommunications, and space sciences.
Optics Express


frequency comb, carrier envelope offset phase


Kim, Y. , Coddington, I. , Swann, W. , Newbury, N. , Lee, J. , Kim, S. and Kim, S. (2014), Time-domain stabilization of carrier-envelope phase in femtosecond light pulses, Optics Express, [online],, (Accessed May 29, 2024)


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Created May 6, 2014, Updated October 12, 2021