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A Thorough Analysis of Various Geometries for a Dynamic Calibration Target for Through-wall and Through-rubble Radar

Published

Author(s)

John R. Jendzurski, Nicholas G. Paulter Jr., Michael Harner, Ram Narayanan

Abstract

It is common practice to use a metal conducting sphere for radar calibration purposes. The aspect-independence of a sphere allows for a more accurate and repeatable calibration of a radar than using a nonspherical calibration artifact. In addition, the radar cross section (RCS) for scattering spheres is well-known and can be calculated fairly easily using far eld approximations. For Doppler radar testing, it is desired to apply these calibration advantages to a dynamic target. To accomplish this, a spherical polyhedron is investigated as the calibration target. This paper analyzes the scattering characteristics for various spherical polyhedral geometries. Each geometry is analyzed at 3.6 GHz in two states: contracted and expanded. For calibration purposes, it is desired that the target have a consistent monostatic RCS over the entirety of its surface. The RCS of each spherical polyhedral is analyzed and an optimized geometry, for calibration purposes, is chosen.
Citation
Proceedings of SPIE Defense and Security Symposium

Keywords

RCS, calibration, monostatic, through-wall, through-rubble, human, respiration, heartbeat, radar

Citation

Jendzurski, J. , Paulter, N. , Harner, M. and Narayanan, R. (2018), A Thorough Analysis of Various Geometries for a Dynamic Calibration Target for Through-wall and Through-rubble Radar, Proceedings of SPIE Defense and Security Symposium, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=925784 (Accessed January 24, 2022)
Created May 4, 2018, Updated November 20, 2019