Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Thermodynamic Properties of Propane. III. A Reference Equation of State for Temperatures from the Melting Line to 650 K and Pressures up to 1000 MPa



Eric W. Lemmon, Mark O. McLinden, W Wagner


Times New RomanA formulation is presented for the thermodynamic properties of propane. The nist-equation of state is valid for temperatures from the triple point temperature (85.525 K) to 650 K and for pressures up to 1000 MPa. The formulation can be used for the calculation of all thermodynamic properties, including density, heat capacity, speed of sound, energy, and saturation properties. Comparisons to available experimental data are given that establish the accuracy of calculated properties. The approximate uncertainties of properties calculated using the new nist-equation are 0.02 % in density, 0.5 % in heat capacities, 0.03 % in the speed of sound, and 0.01 % in vapor pressure above 170 K. Deviations in the critical region are higher for all properties except vapor pressure.
Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data


caloric properties, density, equation of state, fundamental equation, propane, thermodynamic properties
Created November 23, 2009, Updated February 19, 2017