Theoretical and experimental evidence of the role of plasmonics in the cleaning of nanotubes
Abram Van Der Geest, Katie Hurst, John H. Lehman, Mark T. Lusk
It has been experimentally observed that amorphous carbon is removed from as-prepared, bulk, single-walled carbon nanotubes by illumination with 248 nm (5 eV) UV light. The process via which this occurs, though, has not yet been rigorously identified. We use a combination of experiments and modeling to explain how localized surface plasmon pairs can be induced at the surfaces of nanotubes. The 248 nm light is near the resonant frequency of one of these plasmon pairs for small diameter nanotubes, and this causes a large electric field enhancement in the vicinity of the tubes. The enhanced field increases the rate at which sp-2 bonds in the amorphous carbon are excited into a state from which the carbon is more easily oxidized. Classical electromagnetics, in conjunction with density functional theory, is used to quantify the field enhancement and the relationship between laser wavelength and nanotube radius which will result in cleaning
Philosophical Magazine B-Physics of Condensed Matter Statistical Mechanics Electronic Optical and Magnetic Properties
, Hurst, K.
, Lehman, J.
and Lusk, M.
Theoretical and experimental evidence of the role of plasmonics in the cleaning of nanotubes, Philosophical Magazine B-Physics of Condensed Matter Statistical Mechanics Electronic Optical and Magnetic Properties, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=902378
(Accessed March 4, 2024)