A series of 150 W quartz metal-halide test lamps containing four different chemistries has been studied with optical emission spectroscopy and x-ray absorption imaging. The four chemistries are pure Hg, Hg-HgI$_2$, Hg-NaI, and Hg-NaI-DyI$_3$. Core temperatures and comprehensive distributions of Hg vapor densities were measured and combined to obtain comprehensive gas temperature distributions. The concentrations of additives in these specially designed test lamps were found to be much smaller than is typical for a commercial metal-halide lamp. As a consequence, the core temperatures in all lamps are largely characteristic of a pure Hg discharge. The gas temperature distributions have been used to determine power losses resulting from thermal conduction through the Hg vapor. The fraction of total input power dissipated thermally was found to be $0.45\pm 0.01$ in pure Hg, similar to published measurements for such lamps. In the Hg-NaI and Hg-NaI-DyI$_3$ lamps, thermal losses are $0.37\pm 0.01$ and $0.38\pm 0.01$, respectively. The Hg-HgI$_2$ lamp has thermal losses of $0.26\pm 0.02$.
Citation: Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics
Pub Type: Journals
emission spectroscopy, Hg, high intensity discharge lamp, lighting, metal-halide lamp, plasma, temperature, thermal losses, x-ray imaging