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A Survey of Physics-Based Attack Detection in Cyber-Physical Systems



Jairo Giraldo, David Urbina, Alvaro Cardenas, Junia Valente, Mustafa Faisal, Justin Ruths, Niles O. Tippenhauer, Heinrik Sandberg, Rick Candell


Monitoring the "physics" of cyber-physical systems to detect attacks is a growing area of research. In its basic form a security monitor creates time-series models of sensor readings for an industrial control system and identifies anomalies in these measurements in order to identify potentially false control commands or false sensor readings. In this paper, we review previous work on physics-based anomaly detection based on a unified taxonomy that allows us to identify limitations and unexplored challenges, and propose new solutions.
ACM Computing Surveys


Security and privacy, Intrusion detection systems, Information systems, process control systems


Giraldo, J. , Urbina, D. , Cardenas, A. , Valente, J. , Faisal, M. , Ruths, J. , Tippenhauer, N. , Sandberg, H. and Candell, R. (2018), A Survey of Physics-Based Attack Detection in Cyber-Physical Systems, ACM Computing Surveys, [online], (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created March 29, 2018, Updated October 12, 2021