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Surges Happen! How to Protect the Appliances in Your Home



Francois D. Martzloff


This booklet has been prepared to help home dwellers, owners, contractors, insurance agents, and all parties interested in reducing the number of cases and severity of equipment damage caused by the unavoidable surges that occur in the electrical systems. It is offered as a public service without any commercial intentions. The information offered here is the result of collective efforts by several experts on the subject, but presented in a simple format with practical hints on what to avoid and what to do. General principles are explained, but specific brand names are not discussed or mentioned.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 960-6
Report Number


surges, electrical surges, lightning, electrical systems, transients, switching surges, surge protection


Martzloff, F. (2001), Surges Happen! How to Protect the Appliances in Your Home, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 21, 2024)
Created May 1, 2001, Updated November 10, 2018