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Stray light characterization in a high-resolution imaging spectrometer designed for solar-induced fluorescence

Published

Author(s)

David W. Allen, Loren Albert, James Kellner, Yuqin Zong, Katherine Cushman, Luis Alonso

Abstract

New commercial-off-the-shelf imaging spectrometers promise the combination of high spatial and spectral resolution needed to retrieve solar induced fluorescence (SIF), an emission of light from chlorophyll in plants that can be used to study photosynthesis. Imaging at multiple wavelengths for individual plants and even individual leaves from low-altitude airborne or ground-based platforms has applications ranging from agriculture to forest ecology. Data from these instruments could provide insight into the status of the photosynthetic apparatus at scales of space and time not observable from high-altitude and space-based platforms and could support calibration and validation activities of current and forthcoming space missions to quantify SIF (OCO-2, OCO-3, FLEX, and GEOCARB). High-spectral resolution enables SIF retrieval from regions of strong telluric absorption by molecular oxygen, and also within numerous solar Fraunhofer lines in atmospheric windows not obscured by oxygen or water absorptions. SIF signal is small, (generally less than 5 % of vegetation reflectance), so instrument characterization is vital for interpreting the measurements made across ranges of conditions and different platforms. Here we characterize stray light and spectral sampling interval for a commercial- off-the-shelf diffraction-grating imaging spectrometer with a spectral sampling interval of 0.05 nm and a full width at half maximum (FWHM) bandpass < 0.2 nm throughout the 670 to 780 nm range.
Proceedings Title
Algorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery XXV
Conference Dates
April 15-19, 2019
Conference Location
Baltimore, MD
Conference Title
SPIE Defense and Commercial Sensing

Keywords

Remote sensing, chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthesis, vegetation, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)

Citation

, D. , Albert, L. , Kellner, J. , Zong, Y. , Cushman, K. and Alonso, L. (2021), Stray light characterization in a high-resolution imaging spectrometer designed for solar-induced fluorescence, Algorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery XXV, Baltimore, MD, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=927861 (Accessed June 14, 2021)
Created April 22, 2021