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Static Calibration and Dynamic Characterization of PMUs at NIST



Gerard N. Stenbakken, Thomas L. Nelson


This paper describes the development of two test systems at NIST aimed at improving the calibration and characterization of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) synchronized electric power instrumentation. Reference to UTC is used to meet the need for precise time synchronization of instrumentation designed to monitor the state of the grid over its wide geographic area. The first test system is used to perform calibrations of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) for parameters that have performance requirements specified in IEEE Standard for Synchrophasors for Power Systems, IEEE Standard C37.118-2005. Tests performed on this system use static electric power signals. The second test system is being developed to perform dynamic tests of PMUs. This paper also describes the development of a PMU Testing Guideline by an industry wide task force as part of the Eastern Interconnect Phasor Project (EIPP).
Proceedings Title
IEEE PES General Meeting
Conference Dates
June 24-28, 2007
Conference Location
Tampa, FL
Conference Title
IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting


Calibration, Dynamics, Global Positioning System, Phase measurement, PMU, Power system control, Power system measurements, Power system reliability, Synchronization


Stenbakken, G. and Nelson, T. (2007), Static Calibration and Dynamic Characterization of PMUs at NIST, IEEE PES General Meeting, Tampa, FL, [online], (Accessed April 12, 2024)
Created June 1, 2007, Updated January 27, 2020