A Standards and Measurement Infrastructure for Calibration, Verification and Optimization of Trace Explosives Detection Systems
John G. Gillen, Jennifer R. Verkouteren, R M. Verkouteren, Marcela N. Najarro, Edward R. Sisco, Matthew E. Staymates, Jessica L. Staymates, Robert A. Fletcher, Jeffrey A. Lawrence, Elizabeth L. Robinson, Alexander T. Bulk, Joseph A. Bennett, Shinichiro Muramoto, Thomas P. Forbes
Current national priorities in homeland security have led to an unprecedented level of utilization of explosives trace detection (ETD) systems for counterterrorism and law enforcement. Despite the widespread deployment of ETD instruments at airports, military installations and in law enforcement applications, there remains a critical need for robust standard materials and procedures to calibrate, verify and optimize the performance characteristics of these systems. Consensus and control of these fundamental criteria are critically important for making informed, balanced, and defendable decisions in the continual upgrades to homeland security programs. This paper describes recent activities at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to support these objectives.