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Standards and Biometrics



Bradford J. Wing


This paper addresses the importance of standards when implementing or using biometric systems. Standards have been developed to ensure that biometric systems can effectively and accurately meet users’ needs such as protecting data integrity, privacy, and security. Examples are given to illustrate the problems addressed by standards in 17 aspects of biometric systems, such as biometric data capture, data transmission, and human factors. The principal standards used in the biometrics community are described and gaps in biometrics standards coverage are identified.


Standards, Biometrics: Facial, Fingerprint, Iris


Wing, B. (2011), Standards and Biometrics, Biometrias, [online], (Accessed May 20, 2024)


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Created September 15, 2011, Updated February 19, 2017