One of the key concepts of a modernized smart grid is to combine modern communication technology with an improved electric grid to enable energy consumers to exchange information with energy suppliers in order to collaboratively manage electricity supply and demand. This information exchange can be used to reduce the stress on the grid during times of peak demand, enable the expanded use of intermittent renewable energy sources, improve resilience during weather related outages, and integrate customer-owned generation capabilities with grid supplied electricity. Standards are needed to enable interfaces between energy service providers and their customers. This paper describes requirements for those interfaces and emerging standards in the United States that address these issues.
and Holmberg, D.
Standardization of Smart Grid Customer Interfaces, Distribution and Utilization, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=918353
(Accessed May 29, 2023)