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Specifying and Reasoning about CPS through the Lens of the NIST CPS Framework



Thanh Nguyen, Matthew Bundas, Tran Son, Marcello Balduccini, Kathleen Campbell Garwood, Edward Griffor


This paper introduces a formal definition of a Cyber-Physical System (CPS) in the spirit of the CPS Framework proposed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It shows that using this definition, various problems related to concerns in a CPS can be precisely formalized and implemented using Answer Set Programming (ASP). These include problems related to the dependency or conflicts between concerns, how to mitigate an issue, and what the most suitable mitigation strategy for a given issue would be. It then shows how ASP can be used to develop an implementation that addresses the aforementioned problems. The paper concludes with a discussion of the potentials of the proposed methodologies.
Theory and Practice of Logic Programming


Artificial Intelligence, Knowledge Representation, Automated Reasoning and Planning, Cyber-Physical System, Answer Set Programming, Concern Satisfaction, CPS Ontology


Nguyen, T. , Bundas, M. , Son, T. , Balduccini, M. , Campbell Garwood, K. and Griffor, E. (2022), Specifying and Reasoning about CPS through the Lens of the NIST CPS Framework, Theory and Practice of Logic Programming, [online], (Accessed July 21, 2024)


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Created March 3, 2022, Updated January 17, 2024