Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Sources of Differences in On-Orbit Total Solar Irradiance Measurements

Published

Author(s)

James J. Butler, R Barnes, Bettye C. Johnson, Joseph P. Rice, Eric L. Shirley

Abstract

There is a 5 W/m2 difference between current on-orbit Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) measurements. On 18-20 July 2005, a workshop was held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland that focused on understanding possible reasons for this difference, through an examination of the instrument designs, calibration approaches, and appropriate measurement nist-equations. The instruments studied in that workshop included ACRIM III on ACRIMSat, TIM on SORCE, VIRGO on SoHO, and ERBE on ERBS. Presentations for each instrument included descriptions of its design, its measurement nist-equation, and its uncertainty budget. The workshop also included a session on satellite- and ground-based instrument comparisons and a session on laboratory-based comparisons and the application of new laboratory comparison techniques. The workshop has led to investigations of the effects of diffraction and of aperture area measurements on the differences between instruments. In addition, a laboratory-based instrument that uses optical power measurements (with lasers that underfill the apertures of the TSI instruments), and irradiance measurements (with lasers that overfill the apertures of the TSI instrument), and a cryogenic electrical substitution radiometer as a standard for comparing the instruments is discussed. A summary of the workshop and an overview of the ongoing research efforts are presented here.
Citation
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -
Volume
113
Issue
No. 4

Keywords

on-orbit measurements, radiometry, total solar irradiance, uncertainty workshop
Created July 13, 2009, Updated February 17, 2017